Propaganda is biased and misleading information; it is typically used to sell or promote something, such as a product or an idea.
Free Speech in the United States is grounded in the First Amendment of the Constitution. It was further defined by the Supreme Court. For example, Associate Justice Thurgood Marshall explained in 1972 that:
[A]bove all else, the First Amendment means that government has no power to restrict expression because of its message, its ideas, its subject matter, or its content. [Citations.] To permit the continued building of our politics and culture, and to assure self-fulfillment for each individual, our people are guaranteed the right to express any thought, free from government censorship. The essence of this forbidden censorship is content control. Any restriction on expressive activity because of its content would completely undercut the ‘profound national commitment to the principle that debate on public issues should be uninhibited, robust, and wide-open.’ [ Police Dept. of Chicago v. Mosley, 408 U.S. 92 (1972).]
Satire is exaggerative riducule, intended to expose the foolishness and other flawed thinking on particular topics. It employs exaggeration, silliness, irony, and other types of humor.
A Few Words on Bias: It is almost impossible not to have a bias. However, one should strive to be as factual as possible, to be able to support statements with evidence as much as possible. The below chart has a history of being a reliable indicator of media biases. In other words, I will not evaluate your writing for your bias; however, I will evaluate it for how strongly you support it. (For the record, my own bias tends to be more on the liberal skew, but that doesn’t mean I always agree with that skew, especially if it is not supported with solid argument and evidence!)
Here is an example of satire:
DIRECTIONS: Read any one of the below selections.
- MLA In-Text Citations
- MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Web Publications)
- APA In-Text Citations
- APA Reference List
NOTE: You may have trouble accessing some of these works. If that happens:
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- “Freedom of Expression” (ACLU Position Paper)
- “51 Powerful Propaganda Posters and the People Behind” (Claire Stokoe)
- “ACLU to No Longer Represent Armed Protests” (Joe Palazzolo)
- “The ‘Free Speech’ Hypocrisy of Right-Wing Media” (Keeanga-Yamahhtta Taylor)
- “Alice Walker Disinvited” (Scott Jaschik)
- “How America Lost Its Mind” (Kurt Andersen)
- “A Vile Love Affair: Right Wing Nationalism and the Middle Ages” (Andrew B.R. Elliott)
- “Tina Fey’s ‘Eat Cake’ Strategy after Charlottesville Is Bad Advice” (Amy Zimmerman)
- “The Brilliance of Tina Fey’s Cake Satire, Explained” (Tom Carson)
- I Used to Insist I Didn’t Get Angry. Not Anymore.
- From Charlottesville to Gainesville to a College Town Near You, Campuses Brace for More Tumult in 2018
- A New Reality? The Far Right’s Use of Cyberharassment against Academics
- “This teacher was forcibly arrested at a school board meeting after questioning the superintendent’s pay raise” (Now This)
- “Teacher Arrested at School Board Meeting After Questioning Superintendent Contract” (Christine Hauser and Daniel Victor)
- “As Low-Power Local Radio Rises, Tiny Voices Become a Collective Shout” (Kirk Johnson)
- “How Hate Groups Are Hijacking Medieval Symbol While Ignoring the Facts Behind Them” (Becky Little)
- “What Does Facebook Consider Hate Speech?” (New York Times quiz)
- “Facebook is Ignoring Anti-Abortion Fake News” (Rossalyn Warren)
- “Carlin Understood Brilliantly the Power of Semantics“
- “What is Net Neutrality?“
- “Net Neutrality: What You Need to Know“
- “What Everyone Gets Wrong in the Debate over Net Neutrality“
- “Am I the Only Techie against Net Neutrality?“
- “Is Twitter Really Censoring Free Speech?“
- “How to Spot Fake News“
- “When It Come to Politics and ‘Fake News’, Facts Aren’t Enough“
- “Donald Trump’s ‘Fake News Award’ Could Land White House Staff in Hot Water“
- “The Ongoing Battle Between Science Teachers and Fake News“
- “Computer Scientists Demonstrate Potential for Faking Video“
- “Partisanship, Propaganda, and Disinformation: Online Media and the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election“
- “Framing Ferguson: Fox News and the Construction of US Racism“
- “To Test Your Fake News Judgment, Play this Game“
- “A Satirical Fake News Site Apologized for Making a Story Too Real“
- The Onion—America’s Finest News Source (This is full of satirical news.)
NOTE: Viewing the below is optional. Citation information for videos is usually provided at the start and/or the end of a video. To find more information for the Works Cited or References part of your paper, click on the YouTube icon located at the bottom right corner of the frame of the video.